The Underground Railroad

DiscoverHistoryThe Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad

Author

William Still

About this book

A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letters, &c., Narrating the Hardships, Hair-Breadth Escapes and Death Struggles of the Slaves in Their Efforts for Freedom, As Related by Themselves and Others, or Witnessed by the Author.

Contents (222)

PREFACE TO REVISED EDITION.
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SETH CONCKLIN.
UNDERGROUND RAIL ROAD LETTERS.
WILLIAM PEEL, ALIAS WILLIAM BOX PEEL JONES
DEATH OF ROMULUS HALL—NEW NAME GEORGE WEEMS.
JAMES MERCER, WM. H. GILLIAM, AND JOHN CLAYTON. STOWED AWAY IN A HOT BERTH.
CLARISSA DAVIS. ARRIVED DRESSED IN MALE ATTIRE.
ANTHONY BLOW, ALIAS HENRY LEVISON. SECRETED TEN MONTHS BEFORE STARTING—EIGHT DAYS STOWED AWAY ON A STEAMER BOUND FOR PHILADELPHIA.
PERRY JOHNSON, OF ELKTON, MARYLAND. EYE KNOCKED OUT, ETC.
ISAAC FORMAN, WILLIAM DAVIS, AND WILLIS REDICK. HEARTS FULL OF JOY FOR FREEDOM—VERY ANXIOUS FOR WIVES IN SLAVERY.
JOSEPH HENRY CAMP. THE AUCTION BLOCK IS DEFEATED AND A SLAVE TRADER LOSES FOURTEEN HUNDRED DOLLARS.
SHERIDAN FORD. SECRETED IN THE WOODS—ESCAPES IN A STEAMER.
JOSEPH KNEELAND, ALIAS JOSEPH HULSON.
EX-PRESIDENT TYLER'S HOUSEHOLD LOSES AN ARISTOCRATIC "ARTICLE."
EDWARD MORGAN, HENRY JOHNSON, JAMES AND STEPHEN BUTLER.
HENRY PREDO. BROKE JAIL, JUMPED OUT OF THE WINDOW AND MADE HIS ESCAPE.
DANIEL HUGHES.
THOMAS ELLIOTT.
MARY EPPS, ALIAS EMMA BROWN—JOSEPH AND ROBERT ROBINSON. A SLAVE MOTHER LOSES HER SPEECH AT THE SALE OF HER CHILD—BOB ESCAPES FROM HIS MASTER, A TRADER, WITH $1500 IN NORTH CAROLINA MONEY.
GEORGE SOLOMON, DANIEL NEALL, BENJAMIN R. FLETCHER AND MARIA DORSEY.
HENRY BOX BROWN. ARRIVED BY ADAMS' EXPRESS.
TRIAL OF THE EMANCIPATORS OF COL. J.H. WHEELER'S SLAVES, JANE JOHNSON AND HER TWO LITTLE BOYS.
THE ARRIVALS OF A SINGLE MONTH. SIXTY PASSENGERS CAME IN ONE MONTH—TWENTY-EIGHT IN ONE ARRIVAL—GREAT PANIC AND INDIGNATION MEETING—INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE FROM MASTERS AND FUGITIVES.
A SLAVE GIRL'S NARRATIVE. CORDELIA LONEY, SLAVE OF MRS. JOSEPH CAHELL (WIDOW OF THE LATE HON. JOSEPH CAHELL, OF VA.), OF FREDERICKSBURG, VA.—CORDELIA'S ESCAPE FROM HER MISTRESS IN PHILADELPHIA.
ARRIVAL OF JACKSON, ISAAC AND EDMONDSON TURNER FROM PETERSBURG. TOUCHING SCENE ON MEETING THEIR OLD BLIND FATHER AT THE U.G.R.R. DEPOT.
ROBERT BROWN, ALIAS THOMAS JONES. CROSSING THE RIVER ON HORSEBACK IN THE NIGHT.
ANTHONY LONEY, ALIAS WILLIAM ARMSTEAD.
CORNELIUS SCOTT.
SAMUEL WILLIAMS, ALIAS JOHN WILLIAMS.
BARNABY GRIGBY, ALIAS JOHN BOYER, AND MARY ELIZABETH, HIS WIFE; FRANK WANZER, ALIAS ROBERT SCOTT; EMILY FOSTER, ALIAS ANN WOOD. (TWO OTHERS WHO STARTED WITH THEM WERE CAPTURED.)
WILLIAM JORDON, ALIAS WILLIAM PRICE
JOSEPH GRANT AND JOHN SPEAKS. TWO PASSENGERS ON THE UNDERGROUND RAIL ROAD, VIA LIVERPOOL.
WILLIAM N. TAYLOR.
LOUISA BROWN.
JACOB WATERS AND ALFRED GOULDEN.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE. JEFFERSON PIPKINS, ALIAS DAVID JONES, LOUISA PIPKINS, ELIZABETH BRIT, HARRIET BROWN, ALIAS JANE WOOTON, GRACY MURRY, ALIAS SOPHIA SIMS, EDWARD WILLIAMS, ALIAS HENRY JOHNSON, CHAS. LEE, ALIAS THOMAS BUSHIER.
SEVERAL ARRIVALS FROM DIFFERENT PLACES.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND. JEREMIAH W. SMITH AND WIFE JULIA.
EIGHT ARRIVALS: JAMES MASSEY, PERRY HENRY TRUSTY, GEORGE RHOADS, JAMES RHOADS, GEORGE WASHINGTON, SARAH ELIZABETH RHOADS AND CHILD, MARY ELIZABETH STEVENSON.
CHARLES THOMPSON, CARRIER OF "THE NATIONAL AMERICAN," OFF FOR CANADA.
BLOOD FLOWED FREELY. ABRAM GALLOWAY AND RICHARD EDEN, TWO PASSENGERS SECRETED IN A VESSEL LOADED WITH SPIRITS OF TURPENTINE. SHROUDS PREPARED TO PREVENT BEING SMOKED TO DEATH.
JOHN PETTIFOOT.
EMANUEL T. WHITE.
THE ESCAPE OF A CHILD FOURTEEN MONTHS OLD.
ESCAPE OF A YOUNG SLAVE MOTHER. LEFT HER LITTLE BABY-BOY, LITTLE GIRL AND HUSBAND BEHIND.
SAMUEL W. JOHNSON. ARRIVAL FROM THE "DAILY DISPATCH" OFFICE.
FAMILY FROM BALTIMORE.
ELIJAH HILTON. FROM RICHMOND.
SOLOMON BROWN. ARRIVED PER CITY OF RICHMOND.
WILLIAM HOGG, ALIAS JOHN SMITH. TRAVELER FROM MARYLAND.
TWO FEMALE PASSENGERS FEOM MARYLAND.
CAPTAIN F. AND THE MAYOR OF NORFOLK. TWENTY-ONE PASSENGERS SECRETED IN A BOAT. NOVEMBER, 1855.
ARRIVALS FROM DIFFERENT PLACES.
"FLEEING GIRL OF FIFTEEN," IN MALE ATTIRE.
FIVE YEARS AND ONE MONTH SECRETED.
FROM VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND DELAWARE.
"SAM," "ISAAC," "PERRY," "CHARLES," AND "GREEN."
FROM RICHMOND AND NORFOLK, VA.
FOUR ARRIVALS.
FROM VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, DELAWARE, NORTH CAROLINA, WASHINGTON, D.C., AND SOUTH CAROLINA.
CHARLES GILBERT.
LIBERTY OR DEATH.
SALT-WATER FUGITIVE.
SAMUEL GREEN ALIAS WESLEY KINNARD, AUGUST 28th, 1854. TEN YEARS IN THE PENITENTIARY FOR HAVING A COPY OF UNCLE TOM'S CABIN.
AN IRISH GIRL'S DEVOTION TO FREEDOM.
"SAM" NIXON ALIAS DR. THOMAS BAYNE.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS
HEAVY REWARD.
SLAVE TRADER HALL IS FOILED.
THE PROTECTION OF SLAVE PROPERTY IN VIRGINIA. A BILL PROVIDING ADDITIONAL PROTECTION FOR THE SLAVE PROPERTY OF CITIZENS OF THIS COMMONWEALTH.
ESCAPING IN A CHEST.
ISAAC WILLIAMS, HENRY BANKS, AND KIT NICKLESS. MONTHS IN A CAVE,—SHOT BY SLAVE-HUNTERS.
SEPTEMBER 28, 1856. ARRIVAL OF FIVE FROM THE EASTERN SHORE OF MARYLAND.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS, ABOUT AUGUST 1ST, 1855.
DEEP FURROWS ON THE BACK. THOMAS MADDEN.
"PETE MATTHEWS," ALIAS SAMUEL SPARROWS. "I MIGHT AS WELL BE IN THE PENITENTIARY, &C."
"MOSES" ARRIVES WITH SIX PASSENGERS.
ESCAPED FROM "A WORTHLESS SOT." JOHN ATKINSON.
WILLIAM BUTCHER, ALIAS WILLIAM T. MITCHELL. "HE WAS ABUSEFUL."
"WHITE ENOUGH TO PASS."
ESCAPING WITH MASTER'S CARRIAGES AND HORSES. HARRIET SHEPHARD, AND HER FIVE CHILDREN, WITH FIVE OTHER PASSENGERS.
EIGHT AND A HALF MONTHS SECRETED. WASHINGTON SOMLOR, ALIAS JAMES MOORE.
ARTHUR FOWLER, ALIAS BENJAMIN JOHNSON.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS ABOUT JANUARY FIRST, 1855.
SLAVE-HOLDER IN MARYLAND WITH THREE COLORED WIVES. JAMES GRIFFIN ALIAS THOMAS BROWN.
CAPTAIN F. ARRIVES WITH NINE PASSENGERS.
OWEN AND OTHO TAYLOR'S FLIGHT WITH HORSES, ETC. THREE BROTHERS, TWO OF THEM WITH WIVES AND CHILDREN.
HEAVY REWARD.
CAPTAIN F. ARRIVES WITH FOURTEEN "PRIME ARTICLES" ON BOARD.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS—LATTER PART OF DECEMBER, 1855, AND BEGINNING OF JANUARY, 1856.
PART OF THE ARRIVALS IN DECEMBER, 1855.
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE BILL OF 1850. "AN ACT RESPECTING FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE, AND PERSONS ESCAPING FROM THE SERVICE OF THEIR MASTERS."
THE SLAVE-HUNTING TRAGEDY IN LANCASTER COUNTY, IN SEPTEMBER, 1851. "TREASON AT CHRISTIANA."
WILLIAM AND ELLEN CRAFT. FEMALE SLAVE IN MALE ATTIRE, FLEEING AS A PLANTER, WITH HER HUSBAND AS HER BODY SERVANT.
ARRIVALS FROM RICHMOND. LEWIS COBB AND NANCY BRISTER.
PASSENGERS FROM NORTH CAROLINA. [BY SCHOONER.]
THOMAS CLINTON, SAUNEY PRY AND BENJAMIN DUCKET. PASSED OVER THE U.G.R.R., IN THE FALL OF 1856.
ARRIVALS IN APRIL, 1856.
FIVE FROM GEORGETOWN CROSS ROADS. MOTHER AND CHILD FROM NORFOLK, VA., ETC.
PASSENGERS FROM MARYLAND, 1857. WILLIAM HENRY MOODY, BELINDA BIVANS, ETC.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND.
ARRIVAL FROM WASHINGTON, D.C., etc., 1857. GEORGE CARROLL, RANDOLPH BRANSON, JOHN CLAGART, AND WILLIAM ROYAN.
ARRIVAL FROM UNIONVILLE, 1857. ISRAEL TODD, AND BAZIL ALDRIDGE.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1857. ORDEE LEE, AND RICHARD J. BOOCE.
ARRIVAL FROM CAMBRIDGE, 1857.
BENJAMIN ROSS, AND HIS WIFE HARRIET. FLED FROM CAROLINE COUNTY, EASTERN SHORE OF MARYLAND, JUNE, 1857.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1857. WILLIAM JACKSON.
ARRIVAL FROM DELAWARE, 1857. JOHN WRIGHT AND WIFE, ELIZABETH ANN, AND CHARLES CONNOR.
ARRIVAL FROM ALEXANDRIA, 1857. OSCAR D. BALL, AND MONTGOMERY GRAHAM.
THE ACTING COMMITTEE
ARRIVAL FROM UNIONVILLE, 1857. CAROLINE ALDRIDGE AND JOHN WOOD.
ARRIVAL FROM NEW ORLEANS, 1857. JAMES CONNER, SHOT IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE BODY.
ARRIVAL FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. HARRISON CARY.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1857. JOE ELLIS.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. CHRISTOPHER GREEN AND WIFE, ANN MARIA, AND SON NATHAN.
ARRIVAL FROM GEORGETOWN CROSS-ROADS, 1857. LEEDS WRIGHT AND ABRAM TILISON.
ARRIVAL FROM ALEXANDRIA. WILLIAM TRIPLETT AND THOMAS HARPER.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. HARRY WISE.
ARRIVAL FROM NORFOLK, VA. ABRAM WOODERS.
ARRIVAL FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. GEORGE JOHNSON, THOMAS AND ADAM SMITH.
FOUR ABLE-BODIED "ARTICLES" IN ONE ARRIVAL, 1857. EDWARD, AND JOSEPH HAINES, THOMAS HARRIS, AND JAMES SHELDON.
ARRIVAL FROM ARLINGTON, MD. 1857. JOHN ALEXANDER BUTLER, WILLIAM HENRY HIPKINS, JOHN HENRY MOORE AND GEORGE HILL.
FIVE PASSENGERS, 1857. ELIZA JANE JOHNSON, HARRIET STEWART, AND HER DAUGHTER MARY ELIZA, WILLIAM COLE, AND HANSON HALL.
ARRIVAL FROM HOWARD CO., MD., 1857. BILL COLE AND HANSON.
ARRIVAL FROM PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY, MD. "JIM BELLE."
ARRIVAL FROM RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY, 1857. PASCAL QUANTENCE.
ARRIVAL FROM NORTH CAROLINA, 1857. HARRY GRIMES, GEORGE UPSHER, AND EDWARD LEWIS.
ALFRED HOLLON, GEORGE AND CHARLES N. RODGERS.
ARRIVAL FROM KENT COUNTY, 1857. SAMUEL BENTON, JOHN ALEXANDER, JAMES HENRY, AND SAMUEL TURNER.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE COUNTY, 1857. ELIZABETH WILLIAMS.
MARY COOPER AND MOSES ARMSTEAD, 1857.
ARRIVAL FROM NEAR WASHINGTON, D.C. JOHN JOHNSON AND LAWRENCE THORNTON.
HON. L. McLANE'S PROPERTY, SOON AFTER HIS DEATH, TRAVELS viâ THE UNDERGROUND RAIL ROAD.—WILLIAM KNIGHT, ESQ., LOSES A SUPERIOR "ARTICLE." JIM SCOTT, TOM PENNINGTON, SAM SCOTT, BILL SCOTT, ABE BACON, AND JACK WELLS.
ARRIVAL FROM HARFORD CO., 1857. JOHN MYERS.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1857. WILLIAM LEE, SUSAN JANE BOILE AND AMARIAN LUCRETIA RISTER.
ARRIVAL FROM NORFOLK, VA. 1857. WILLIAM CARNEY AND ANDREW ALLEN.
ARRIVAL FROM HOOPESVILLE, MD., 1857. JAMES CAIN, "GENERAL ANDREW JACKSON," AND ANNA PERRY.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1858. GEORGE RUSSELL AND JAMES HENRY THOMPSON.
ARRIVAL FROM QUEEN ANN COUNTY, 1858. CATHARINE JONES AND SON HENRY, ETNA ELIZABETH DAUPHUS, AND GEORGE NELSON WASHINGTON.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE. ELIJAH BISHOP AND WILLIAM WILLIAMSON.
ARRIVAL FROM DUNWOODY COUNTY, 1858. DARIUS HARRIS.
ARRIVED FROM ALEXANDRIA, VA., 1857. TOWNSEND DERRIX.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1858. EDWARD CARROLL.
ARRIVAL FROM PETERSBURG, 1858. JAMES MASON.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. ROBERT CARR.
ARRIVAL OF A PARTY OF SIX, 1858. PLYMOUTH CANNON, HORATIO WILKINSON, LEMUEL MITCHELL, JOSIAH MITCHELL, GEORGE HENRY BALLARD, AND JOHN MITCHELL.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1858. EBENEZER ALLISON.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1858. JOHN THOMPSON CARR, ANN MOUNTAIN AND CHILD, AND WILLIAM BOWLER.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE, 1858. ROBERTA TAYLOR.
ARRIVAL FROM HIGHTSTOWN, 1858. ROBERT THOMPSON (A PREACHER).
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1858. ALFRED S. THORNTON.
ARRIVAL FROM BELLEAIR. JULIUS SMITH, WIFE MARY, AND BOY JAMES, HENRY AND EDWARD SMITH, AND JACK CHRISTY.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1858. JOHN WESLEY COMBASH, JACOB TAYLOR, AND THOMAS EDWARD SKINNER.
ARRIVAL FROM NEW MARKET, 1858. ELIJAH SHAW.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1858. MARY FRANCES MELVIN, ELIZA HENDERSON, AND NANCY GRANTHAM.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1858. ORLANDO J. HUNT.
ARRIVAL FROM NORFOLK, VA., 1858. WILLIAM MACKEY.
ARRIVAL FROM NEAR BALTIMORE, 1858. HENRY TUCKER.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1858. PETER NELSON. (RESEMBLED AN IRISHMAN.)
ARRIVAL FROM WASHINGTON, 1858. MARY JONES AND SUSAN BELL.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1858. WILLIAM CARPENTER.
ARRIVAL FROM THE OLD DOMINION. NINE VERY FINE "ARTICLES." LEW JONES, OSCAR PAYNE, MOSE WOOD, DAVE DIGGS, JACK, HEN, AND BILL DADE, AND JOE BALL.
ARRIVAL FROM DELAWARE, 1858. GEORGE LAWS AND COMRADE—TIED AND HOISTED WITH BLOCK AND TACKLE, TO BE COWHIDED.
ARRIVAL FROM DELAWARE, 1858. JOHN WEEMS, ALIAS JACK HERRING.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1858. RUTH HARPER, GEORGE ROBINSON, PRISCILLA GARDENER, AND JOSHUA JOHN ANDERSON.
ARRIVAL FROM NORTH CAROLINA AND DELAWARE. "DICK BEESLY",MURRAY YOUNG AND CHARLES ANDREW BOLDEN.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. JOHN JANNEY, TALBOT JOHNSON, SAM GROSS, PETER GROSS, JAMES HENRY JACKSON, AND SAM SMITH.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. BIRTH-DAY PRESENT FROM THOMAS GARRETT.
ARRIVAL FROM THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, 1858. REBECCA JACKSON AND DAUGHTER, AND ROBERT SHORTER.
ARRIVAL FROM HONEY BROOK TOWNSHIP, 1858. FRANK CAMPBELL.
ARRIVAL FROM ALEXANDRIA, VA., 1858. RICHARD BAYNE, CARTER DOWLING AND BENJAMIN TAYLOR.
ARRIVAL FROM THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. HANSON WILLIAMS, NACE SHAW, GUSTA YOUNG, AND DANIEL M'NORTON SMITH.
CROSSING THE BAY IN A SKIFF. WILLIAM THOMAS COPE, JOHN BOICE GREY, HENRY BOICE AND ISAAC WHITE.
ARRIVAL FROM KENT COUNTY, MD., 1858. ASBURY IRWIN, EPHRAIM ENNIS, AND LYDIA ANN JOHNS.
ARRIVAL FROM WASHINGTON, 1858. JOSEPHINE ROBINSON.
ARRIVAL FROM CECIL COUNTY, 1858. ROBERT JOHNS AND HIS WIFE "SUE ANN."
ARRIVAL FROM GEORGETOWN, D.C., 1858. PERRY CLEXTON, JIM BANKS AND CHARLES NOLE.
ARRIVAL FROM SUSSEX COUNTY, 1858. JACOB BLOCKSON, GEORGE ALLIGOOD, JIM ALLIGOOD, AND GEORGE LEWIS.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS IN 1859. SARAH ANN MILLS, Boonsborough; CAROLINE GASSWAY, Mt. Airy; LEVIN HOLDEN, Laurel; WILLIAM JAMES CONNER, with his wife, child, and four brothers; JAMES LAZARUS, Delaware; RICHARD WILLIAMS, Richmond, Virginia; SYDNEY HOPKINS and HENRY WHEELER, Havre de Grace.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1859. CORNELIUS HENRY JOHNSON. FACE CANADA-WARD FOR YEARS.
ARRIVAL FROM DELAWARE, 1858. THEOPHILUS COLLINS, ANDREW JACKSON BOYCE, HANDY BURTON AND ROBERT JACKSON. A DESPERATE, BLOODY STRUGGLE—GUN, KNIFE AND FIRE SHOVEL, USED BY AN INFURIATED MASTER.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1859. STEPNEY BROWN.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1859. JIM KELL, CHARLES HEATH, WILLIAM CARLISLE, CHARLES RINGGOLD, THOMAS MAXWELL, AND SAMUEL SMITH.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS, 1859. JOHN EDWARD LEE, JOHN HILLIS, CHARLES ROSS, JAMES RYAN, WILLIAM JOHNSTON, EDWARD WOOD, CORNELIUS FULLER AND HIS WIFE HARRIET, JOHN PINKET, ANSAL CANNON, AND JAMES BROWN.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1859. JAMES BROWN.
ARRIVAL FROM DELAWARE, 1859. EDWARD, JOHN, AND CHARLES HALL.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1859. JAMES TAYLOR, ALBERT GROSS, AND JOHN GRINAGE.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS FROM MARYLAND (1859) AND OTHER PLACES. JAMES ANDY WILKINS, and wife LUCINDA, with their little boy, CHARLES, CHARLES HENRY GROSS, A WOMAN with her TWO CHILDREN—one in her arms—JOHN BROWN, JOHN ROACH, and wife LAMBY, and HENRY SMALLWOOD.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1859. HENRY JONES AND TURNER FOSTER.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. TWO YOUNG MOTHERS, EACH WITH BABES IN THEIR ARMS—ANNA ELIZABETH YOUNG AND SARAH JANE BELL—WHIPPED TILL THE BLOOD FLOWED.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, VIRGINIA, AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. JOHN WESLEY SMITH, ROBERT MURRAY, SUSAN STEWART, AND JOSEPHINE SMITH.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS FROM MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. HENRY FIELDS, CHARLES RINGGOLD, WILLIAM RINGGOLD, ISAAC NEWTON AND JOSEPH THOMAS.
ARRIVAL FROM SEAFORD, 1859. ROBERT BELL AND TWO OTHERS.
ARRIVAL FROM TAPPS' NECK, MD., 1859. LEWIS WILSON, JOHN WATERS, ALFRED EDWARDS AND WILLIAM QUINN.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1859. ANN MARIA JACKSON AND HER SEVEN CHILDREN—MARY ANN, WILLIAM HENRY, FRANCES SABRINA, WILHELMINA, JOHN EDWIN, EBENEZER THOMAS, AND WILLIAM ALBERT.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS FROM VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND DELAWARE. LEWIS LEE, ENOCH DAVIS, JOHN BROWN, THOMAS EDWARD DIXON, AND WILLIAM OLIVER.
ARRIVAL FROM DIFFERENT POINTS. JACOB BROWN, JAMES HARRIS, BENJAMIN PINEY, JOHN SMITH, ANDREW JACKSON, WILLIAM HUGHES, WESLEY WILLIAMS, ROSANNA JOHNSON, JOHN SMALLWOOD, AND HENRY TOWNSEND.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS FROM MARYLAND, 1860. WILLIAM CHION AND HIS WIFE, EMMA, EVAN GRAFF, AND FOUR OTHERS.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1860. JENNY BUCHANAN. A KIND MASTER; JENNY CHASTISED ONE OF HIS SONS FOR AN INSULT, AND AS A PUNISHMENT SHE WAS SOLD—SEIZED FOR DEBT—SOLD A SECOND TIME.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE, 1860. WILLIAM BROWN, AND JAMES HENSON
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. PHILIP STANTON, RANDOLPH NICHOLS, AND THOMAS DOUGLASS.
ARRIVAL FROM FREDERICKSBURG, 1860. HENRY TUDLE AND WIFE, MARY WILLIAMS.
SUNDRY ARRIVALS FROM MARYLAND, 1860. SAM ARCHER, LEWIS PECK, DAVID EDWARDS, EDWARD CASTING, JOE HENRY, GEORGE AND ALBERT WHITE, JOSEPH C. JOHNSON, DAVID SNIVELY, AND HENRY DUNMORE.
CROSSING THE BAY IN A BATTEAU. SHARP CONTEST WITH PURSUERS ON WATER. FUGITIVES VICTORIOUS.
ARRIVAL FROM DORCHESTER CO., 1860. HARRIET TUBMAN'S LAST "TRIP" TO MARYLAND.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND, 1860. JERRY MILLS, AND WIFE, DIANA, SON, CORNELIUS, AND TWO DAUGHTERS, MARGARET, AND SUSAN.
TWELVE MONTHS IN THE WOODS, 1860. HENRY COTTON.
ARRIVAL FROM MARYLAND. WILLIAM PIERCE.
A SLAVE CATCHER CAUGHT IN HIS OWN TRAP. GEORGE F. ALBERTI PERSONATED BY A MEMBER OF THE VIGILANCE COMMITTEE—A LADY FRIGHTENED BY A PLACARD.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1858. HENRY LANGHORN alias WM. SCOTT.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND, 1859.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND. JOHN WILLIAM DUNGY.—BROUGHT A PASS FROM EX. GOV. GREGORY.
"AUNT HANNAH MOORE."
KIDNAPPING OF RACHEL AND ELIZABETH PARKER—MURDER OF JOSEPH C. MILLER IN 1851 AND 1852.
ARRIVAL FROM VIRGINIA, 1854. TUCKER WHITE.
ARRIVAL FROM NORFOLK. MARY MILLBURN, alias LOUISA F. JONES, ESCAPED IN MALE ATTIRE.
ARRIVAL OF FIFTEEN FROM NORFOLK, VIRGINIA. PER SCHOONER—TWICE SEARCHED—LANDED AT LEAGUE ISLAND. ISAAC FORMAN, HENRY WILLIAMS, WILLIAM SEYMOUR, HARRIET TAYLOR, MARY BIRD, MRS. LEWEY, SARAH SAUNDERS, SOPHIA GRAY, HENRY GRAY, MARY GRAY, WINFIELD SCOTT, and three children.
THE CASE OF EUPHEMIA WILLIAMS, CLAIMED AS A FUGITIVE SLAVE UNDER THE FUGITIVE SLAVE-LAW AFTER HAVING LIVED IN PENNSYLVANIA FOR MORE THAN TWENTY YEARS.
HELPERS AND SYMPATHIZERS AT HOME AND ABROAD—INTERESTING LETTERS.
PAMPHLET, AND LETTERS FROM MRS. ANNA H. RICHARDSON, OF NEWCASTLE, ENGLAND. TO THE FRIENDS OF THE SLAVE.
PORTRAITS AND SKETCHES.

PREFACE TO REVISED EDITION.

       *       *       *       *       *

Like millions of my race, my mother and father were born slaves, but were not contented to live and die so. My father purchased himself in early manhood by hard toil. Mother saw no way for herself and children to escape the horrors of bondage but by flight. Bravely, with her four little ones, with firm faith in God and an ardent desire to be free, she forsook the prison-house, and succeeded, through the aid of my father, to reach a free State. Here life had to be begun anew. The old familiar slave names had to be changed, and others, for prudential reasons, had to be found. This was not hard work. However, hardly months had passed ere the keen scent of the slave-hunters had trailed them to where they had fancied themselves secure. In those days all power was in the hands of the oppressor, and the capture of a slave mother and her children was attended with no great difficulty other than the crushing of freedom in the breast of the victims. Without judge or jury, all were hurried back to wear the yoke again. But back this mother was resolved never to stay. She only wanted another opportunity to again strike for freedom. In a few months after being carried back, with only two of her little ones, she took her heart in her hand and her babes in her arms, and this trial was a success. Freedom was gained, although not without the sad loss of her two older children, whom she had to leave behind. Mother and father were again reunited in freedom, while two of their little boys were in slavery. What to do for them other than weep and pray, were questions unanswerable. For over forty years the mother's heart never knew what it was to be free from anxiety about her lost boys. But no tidings came in answer to her many prayers, until one of them, to the great astonishment of his relatives, turned up in Philadelphia, nearly fifty years of age, seeking his long-lost parents. Being directed to the Anti-Slavery Office for instructions as to the best plan to adopt to find out the whereabouts of his parents, fortunately he fell into the hands of his own brother, the writer, whom he had never heard of before, much less seen or known. And here began revelations connected with this marvellous coincidence, which influenced me, for years previous to Emancipation, to preserve the matter found in the pages of this humble volume.

And in looking back now over these strange and eventful Providences, in the light of the wonderful changes wrought by Emancipation, I am more and more constrained to believe that the reasons, which years ago led me to aid the bondman and preserve the records of his sufferings, are to-day quite as potent in convincing me that the necessity of the times requires this testimony.

And since the first advent of my book, wherever reviewed or read by leading friends of freedom, the press, or the race more deeply represented by it, the expressions of approval and encouragement have been hearty and unanimous, and the thousands of volumes which have been sold by me, on the subscription plan, with hardly any facilities for the work, makes it obvious that it would, in the hands of a competent publisher, have a wide circulation.

And here I may frankly state, that but for the hope I have always cherished that this work would encourage the race in efforts for self-elevation, its publication never would have been undertaken by me.

I believe no more strongly at this moment than I have believed ever since the Proclamation of Emancipation was made by Abraham Lincoln, that as a class, in this country, no small exertion will have to be put forth before the blessings of freedom and knowledge can be fairly enjoyed by this people; and until colored men manage by dint of hard acquisition to enter the ranks of skilled industry, very little substantial respect will be shown them, even with the ballot-box and musket in their hands.

Well-conducted shops and stores; lands acquired and good farms managed in a manner to compete with any other; valuable books produced and published on interesting and important subjects—these are some of the fruits which the race are expected to exhibit from their newly gained privileges.

If it is asked "how?" I answer, "through extraordinary determination and endeavor," such as are demonstrated in hundreds of cases in the pages of this book, in the struggles of men and women to obtain their freedom, education and property.

These facts must never be lost sight of.

The race must not forget the rock from whence they were hewn, nor the pit from whence, they were digged.

Like other races, this newly emancipated people will need all the knowledge of their past condition which they can get.

The bondage and deliverance of the children of Israel will never be allowed to sink into oblivion while the world stands.

Those scenes of suffering and martyrdom millions of Christians were called upon to pass through in the days of the Inquisition are still subjects of study, and have unabated interest for all enlightened minds.

The same is true of the history of this country. The struggles of the pioneer fathers are preserved, produced and re-produced, and cherished with undying interest by all Americans, and the day will not arrive while the Republic exists, when these histories will not be found in every library.

While the grand little army of abolitionists was waging its untiring warfare for freedom, prior to the rebellion, no agency encouraged them like the heroism of fugitives. The pulse of the four millions of slaves and their desire for freedom, were better felt through "The Underground Railroad," than through any other channel.

Frederick Douglass, Henry Bibb, Wm. Wells Brown, Rev. J.W. Logan, and others, gave unmistakable evidence that the race had no more eloquent advocates than its own self-emancipated champions.

Every step they took to rid themselves of their fetters, or to gain education, or in pleading the cause of their fellow-bondmen in the lecture-room, or with their pens, met with applause on every hand, and the very argument needed was thus furnished in large measure. In those dark days previous to emancipation, such testimony was indispensable.

The free colored men are as imperatively required now to furnish the same manly testimony in support of the ability of the race to surmount the remaining obstacles growing out of oppression, ignorance, and poverty.

In the political struggles, the hopes of the race have been sadly disappointed. From this direction no great advantage is likely to arise very soon.

Only as desert can be proved by the acquisition of knowledge and the exhibition of high moral character, in examples of economy and a disposition to encourage industrial enterprises, conducted by men of their own ranks, will it be possible to make political progress in the face of the present public sentiment.

Here, therefore, in my judgment is the best possible reason for vigorously pushing the circulation of this humble volume—that it may testify for thousands and tens of thousands, as no other work can do.

WILLIAM STILL, Author.

September, 1878. Philadelphia, Pa.