Learn about ADHD and Improving Focus

Summary

Introduction

In this episode, I discuss ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder): what it is, the common myths, and the biology and psychology of ADHD.

I discuss both behavioral and pharmacologic treatments for ADHD, and brain-machine interface tools. I also discuss behavioral training protocols that can improve focus in people with ADHD and those without ADHD, and for people of different ages. I discuss the role of dopamine in coordinating 'default-mode' and 'task-related' neural networks, attentional "blinks" (lapses of attention) and how to overcome them, and the role of actual blinks in time perception and attention. Finally, I review some of the prescription and over-the-counter compounds for increasing focus such as Adderall, Ritalin, Modafinil and Armodafinil, the racetams, Alpha-GPC and phosphatidylserine and the role of diet for managing ADHD (and the controversies of diet for ADHD). The role of cell phones/technology in ADHD and ADHD-like challenges with focus are also discussed. Throughout, both basic science and clinical scenarios, as well as applicable tools and resources are covered. Thank you to our sponsors: Roka - https://www.roka.com -- code "huberman" Belcampo - https://www.belcampo.com/huberman Helix Sleep - https://www.helixsleep.com/huberman Our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/andrewhuberman Supplements from Thorne: http://www.thorne.com/u/huberman Support Research in the Huberman Lab at Stanford: https://hubermanlab.stanford.edu/giving Social: Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/hubermanlab Twitter - https://twitter.com/hubermanlab Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/hubermanlab Website - https://hubermanlab.com Join Newsletter - https://hubermanlab.com/neural-network Links: Review of Compounds for ADHD, Smart Drugs & Focus - https://www.fbscience.com/Landmark/articles/10.52586/4948 Review of Atypical Compounds for ADHD - https://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/2016/1320423/ Study of Focus Protocol In ADHD & Non-ADHD Children - https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/13/4780 Timestamps: 00:00:00 Introduction & Note About Diagnosis 00:03:27 Sponsors 00:07:56 ADHD vs. ADD: Genetics, IQ, Rates in Kids & Adults 00:13:00 Attention & Focus, Impulse Control 00:14:57 Hyper-focus 00:16:45 Time Perception 00:18:25 The Pile System 00:20:00 Working Memory 00:24:10 Hyper-Focus & Dopamine 00:26:40 Neural Circuits In ADHD: Default Mode Network & Task-Related Networks 00:32:57 Low Dopamine in ADHD & Stimulant Use & Abuse 00:37:10 Sugar, Ritalin, Adderall, Modafinil & Armodafinil 00:47:00 Non-Prescribed Adderall, Caffeine, Nicotine 00:49:18 How Stimulants “Teach” the Brains of ADHD Children to Focus 00:52:00 When To Medicate: A Highly Informed (Anecdotal) Case Study 00:56:35 Elimination Diets & Allergies In ADHD 01:04:46 Omega-3 Fatty Acids: EPAs & DHAs 01:07:00 Modulation vs Mediation of Biological Processes 01:10:50 Attentional Blinks 01:16:56 Open Monitoring & 17 minute Focus Enhancement 01:22:50 Blinking, Dopamine & Time Perception; & Focus Training 01:30:10 Reverberatory Neural & Physical Activity 01:33:40 Adderall, Ritalin & Blink Frequency 01:35:00 Cannabis 01:37:30 Interoceptive Awareness 01:41:15 Ritalin, Adderall, Modafinil, Armodafinil; Smart Drugs & Caffeine: Dangers 01:48:05 DHA Fatty Acids, Phosphatidylserine 01:50:54 Ginko Biloba 01:51:45 Modafinil & Armodafanil: Dopamine Action & Orexin 01:56:19 Acetylcholine: Circuits Underlying Focus; Alpha-GPC 01:59:04 L-Tyrosine, (PEA) Phenylethylamine 02:01:23 Racetams, Noopept 02:05:15 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Combining Technology & Pharmacology 02:09:14 Smart Phones & ADHD & Sub-Clinical Focus Issues In Adults & Kids 02:14:30 Synthesis/Summary 02:16:10 Support for Podcast & Research, Supplement Resources Please note that The Huberman Lab Podcast is distinct from Dr. Huberman's teaching and research roles at Stanford University School of Medicine. The information provided in this show is not medical advice, nor should it be taken or applied as a replacement for medical advice. The Huberman Lab Podcast, its employees, guests and affiliates assume no liability for the application of the information discussed. Title Card Photo Credit: Mike Blabac - https://www.blabacphoto.com

Steps (36)

Step 1: Introduction & Note About Diagnosis

Step 2: Sponsors

Step 3: ADHD vs. ADD: Genetics, IQ, Rates in Kids & Adults

Step 4: Attention & Focus, Impulse Control

Step 5: Hyper-focus

Step 6: Time Perception

Step 7: The Pile System

Step 8: Working Memory

Step 9: Hyper-Focus & Dopamine

Step 10: Neural Circuits In ADHD: Default Mode Network & Task-Related Networks

Step 11: Low Dopamine in ADHD & Stimulant Use & Abuse

Step 12: Sugar, Ritalin, Adderall, Modafinil & Armodafinil

Step 13: Non-Prescribed Adderall, Caffeine, Nicotine

Step 14: How Stimulants “Teach” the Brains of ADHD Children to Focus

Step 15: When To Medicate: A Highly Informed (Anecdotal) Case Study

Step 16: Elimination Diets & Allergies In ADHD

Step 17: Omega-3 Fatty Acids: EPAs & DHAs

Step 18: Modulation vs Mediation of Biological Processes

Step 19: Attentional Blinks

Step 20: Open Monitoring & 17 minute Focus Enhancement

Step 21: Blinking, Dopamine & Time Perception; & Focus Training

Step 22: Reverberatory Neural & Physical Activity

Step 23: Adderall, Ritalin & Blink Frequency

Step 24: Cannabis

Step 25: Interoceptive Awareness

Step 26: Ritalin, Adderall, Modafinil, Armodafinil; Smart Drugs & Caffeine: Dangers

Step 27: DHA Fatty Acids, Phosphatidylserine

Step 28: Ginko Biloba

Step 29: Modafinil & Armodafanil: Dopamine Action & Orexin

Step 30: Acetylcholine: Circuits Underlying Focus; Alpha-GPC

Step 31: L-Tyrosine, (PEA) Phenylethylamine

Step 32: Racetams, Noopept

Step 33: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Combining Technology & Pharmacology

Step 34: Smart Phones & ADHD & Sub-Clinical Focus Issues In Adults & Kids

Step 35: Synthesis/Summary

Step 36: Support for Podcast & Research, Supplement Resources

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